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Legal resources on human rights

Human rights laws are different in each province and territory, and for workplaces under federal law. To find out more about the law that covers your workplace, visit the Canadian Human Rights Commission.

Here is a list of non-profit organizations that provide general information on human rights or legal representation to individuals.

Non-profit organizations providing general information on human rights or legal representation to individuals

Organizations in each province or territory provide general information on human rights but not legal advice specific to individual cases. In some provinces, there are organizations that provide free legal advice specific to individuals and may represent clients for free. If you belong to a union, contact your local steward before you consider making a claim under human rights legislation.

Canada

CanadaFor general information on human rights in federally regulated sectors only (e.g., employees of chartered banks, television and radio stations, telephone companies, federal government departments and agencies): Canadian Human Rights Commission

By province/territory:

British Columbia

bcFor general information on human rights: BC Human Rights Tribunal, People’s Law School

For legal representation of individuals with low household incomes, as well as general information about human rights: BC Human Rights Clinic, Greater Victoria area: The Law Centre, University of Victoria

Alberta

abFor general information on human rights: Alberta Human Rights Commission (accepts phone but not email inquiries), Centre for Public Legal Education Alberta, Your Rights at Work

Saskatchewan

skFor general information on human rights: Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission, Public Legal Education Association of Saskatchewan

Manitoba

mbFor general information on human rights: Manitoba Human Rights Commission, Community Legal Education Association offers general legal information advice and referrals to lawyers

Human resource management association of Manitoba (HRMAM): a network that links members, businesses, and the general public to important HR issues and trends occurring provincially, nationally and globally

For legal representation of individuals with low household incomes, as well as general information on human rights: Manitoba Legal Help Centre

Ontario

onFor general information on human rights: Community Legal Education Ontario

For legal advice on individual cases as well as general information on human rights: Long-term Disability/Employment Law Legal Clinic offers free summary legal advice clinics for Greater Toronto Area residents, held twice a month

For legal representation of individual claimants, as well as general information about human rights: Human Rights Legal Support Centre

For legal representation of individuals whose cases fit the centre’s priorities, as well as general information about human rights: ARCH Disability Law Centre provides free, confidential legal advice and information

Quebec

qcFor general information on human rights: Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse Québec [Quebec Human Rights and Children’s Rights Commission], Advisory Service on Reasonable Accommodation offers advice for employers

Quebec community legal information centres: Centres de justice de proximité, Éducaloi

Legal advice on individual cases: Pro Bono Québec provides free or low-cost legal advice to individuals whose cases are of public interest (for example, people with disabilities)

New Brunswick

nbFor general information on human rights: New Brunswick Human Rights Commission, Public Legal Education and Information Service of New Brunswick

Nova Scotia

nsFor general information on human rights: Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission, Legal Information Society of Nova Scotia

For legal advice on individual cases as well as general information on human rights: reachAbility offers referrals to lawyers who provide one hour of free advice. They also give education sessions on legal topics relevant to people with disabilities, including employment and accommodations. Dalhousie Legal Aid community legal clinic

Prince Edward Island

peFor general information on human rights: PEI Human Rights Commission, Community Legal Information Association of Prince Edward Island

Newfoundland and Labrador

nlFor general information on human rights: Newfoundland and Labrador Human Rights Commission, Public Legal Information Association of Newfoundland, Law Library, Law Society of Newfoundland and Labrador

Northwest Territories

ntFor general information on human rights: Northwest Territories Human Rights Commission, Public Legal Education and Information, Legal Services Board

Nunavut

nuFor general information on human rights: Law Society of Nunavut hotline provides legal information in Inuktitut on rights of people with disabilities and others, Public Legal Education and Information, Nunavut Legal Services Board

Nunavut does not have a human rights commission.

Yukon Territories

ytFor information on human rights: Yukon Human Rights Commission

Other resources

Referrals to lawyers

Some of the organizations listed above, as well as provincial law societies, provide referrals to lawyers in private practice who give free or very low-cost advice for 30–60 minutes.

Legal aid

Legal aid programs provide funding for individuals to hire lawyers in private practice. To be eligible, individuals must have low household incomes. The areas of criminal and civil law covered by legal aid vary by province and territory. factor[e] design initiative and Canada icon by anbileru adaleru from the Noun Project.