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Les lésions nerveuses

Dr. Christine Maheu, RN, PhD

Dr. Christine Maheu is an Associate Professor in the Ingram School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University. Dr. Maheu is also an Affiliate Scientist at the University Health Network and the University of Toronto. At McGill University, she teaches research methods, supervises graduate students (masters, doctoral, post-doctoral), mentors practicing nurses and students in research, and conducts research in English and French. She has held research awards with the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Canadian Cancer Society, and the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer. These awards funded her research in psychosocial oncology, which focuses on developing and testing psychosocial interventions or measurements tools for various cancer populations. Additionally, in partnership with Ipsos Canada and funded by the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer, she is co-leading a nationwide survey of the needs of cancer patients for transition care from the end of their treatment to three years after their diagnosis. Dr. Maheu received awards for excellence in nursing research (2013, 2015, 2016) from Ovarian Cancer Canada, the Canadian Association of Nurses in Oncology, and the Quebec Association of Nurses in Oncology.

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Ms. Rosemary Cashman

Ms. Rosemary Cashman is a nurse practitioner at the BC Cancer Agency and an Adjunct Professor in the Faculty of Nursing at the University of British Columbia. Her professional experience includes the care of lymphoma, lung cancer and brain cancer patients. She co-chairs the Patient and Family Advisory Council, which guides the brain tumour care program at the BC Cancer Agency. She has authored book chapters and articles related to the care of brain tumour patients and their families. Ms. Cashman was involved in developing and implementing a rapid-access radiotherapy clinic for the palliative treatment of lung cancer and she continues to work in this clinic.

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Kyla Johnson, Occupational Therapist, Segal Cancer Centre, Jewish General Hospital

Ms. Kyla Johnson, M.Sc.A., originally from Edmonton, Alberta, Kyla Johnson works as an Occupational Therapist at the Segal Cancer Center of the Jewish General Hospital. She holds a Master of Science in Occupational Therapy from McGill University. Her goal as a rehabilitation professional in Oncology is to enable people with cancer to be able to do what they want and need to do, in all stages of their cancer experience. Kyla helps develop strategies and accommodations to facilitate a return to meaningful life roles, including work. She is specialized in cancer-related cognitive dysfunction and runs a weekly group teaching strategies to improve daily cognitive functioning. Kyla also leads a volunteer yoga class for young adults with cancer. She lives in Montreal, Quebec.

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Ms. Maureen Parkinson, Vocational Rehabilitation Counsellor, M.Ed. C.C.R.C, BC Cancer

Ms. Maureen Parkinson is the province-wide vocational rehabilitation counsellor at the BC Cancer Agency. She has also been vocational rehabilitation counsellor at a public rehabilitation hospital and vocational rehabilitation consultant to insurance companies and the court system. She has instructed and facilitated Service-Canada-funded programs on job searching and career exploration. Ms. Parkinson has a Masters in Counselling Psychology, is a Canadian Certified Rehabilitation Counsellor, and completed the Certified Return to Work Coordinator Program through the National Institute for Disability Management and Research. She has developed return-to-work and job-search seminars for cancer patients and created the guidebook “Cancer and Returning to Work: A Practical Guide for Cancer Patients” as well as on-line articles about returning to work and school. She also co-authored a paper commissioned by the Canadian Association of Psychosocial Oncology, “Cancer and Work: A Canadian Perspective”.

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Certains cancers et traitements associés peuvent provoquer des lésions nerveuses, dont les plus courantes sont les engourdissements et les picotements dans les doigts et les orteils. Ces lésions sont susceptibles de causer une augmentation (ou une réduction) de la sensibilité à la température et des sensations plus pénibles de brûlure ou de choc électrique. Parallèlement, elles risquent d’entraîner la faiblesse des membres, la perte de l’équilibre et des problèmes de contrôle des petits muscles. Leur degré dépendra du type de traitement contre le cancer et de son dosage. À terme, les survivants peuvent s’en remettre complètement, ou partiellement uniquement.

Conséquences sur le travail

Les changements de sensation et de force attribuables aux lésions nerveuses peuvent réduire la dextérité de l’employé lors de l’exécution de tâches nécessitant une motricité fine, comme la manutention de petits objets ou la saisie au clavier. La réduction du toucher augmentera également les risques de blessure aux mains. Si la force de préhension est réduite, il sera plus difficile de saisir des outils ou de grimper à l’échelle, par exemple. Un employé dont les sensations changent pourra également perdre l’équilibre en station debout, avoir du mal à marcher sur des sols inégaux ou être incapable de rester debout longtemps. L’augmentation ou la diminution de la sensibilité à la température l’empêchera de travailler à la chaleur ou au froid extrêmes, de toucher des objets chauds en cuisinant ou de travailler dans des milieux réfrigérés ou extérieurs, par exemple. La sensibilité nerveuse peut également accroître la douleur.

Étape suivante :

L’adaptation du lieu de travail en fonction des lésions nerveuses